The teen years come with a lot of challenges. From physical changes in the human body, psychological development, and puberty. Teen acne is a very common skin issue affecting almost all teens in varying degrees at some point during their lives. For teenagers, acne can be a painful and embarrassing condition that affects them on a daily basis. Fortunately, although it is frustrating and unappealing, teenage acne can be treated.
What causes acne in teens?
To understand how to properly treat teen acne, you first need to get a deeper understanding of how your skin works. The pores of the skin contain oil glands. In the pubertal or adolescent years, the body increases the production of a hormone called androgen. The excess hormones cause the oil glands to become overactive, enlarge, and produce too much oil. Sebum mixed with dead skin cells and hair follicles triggers the appearance of acne. The symptoms of acne can vary in severity and each teenager may experience the condition differently. The most common signs are clogged pores, papules, cysts, and pustules. Apart from excess oil in the skin that causes acne, it may also be triggered by other common causes including genetics, stress, picking or squeezing blemishes, and the use of some certain medications.
How acne can impact teens
Although acne is not a serious health risk, it can have several negative effects on teens. The main risk of teen acne is the fact that it may be a painful condition. Despite the fact that it may just look like a small pimple, it can be extremely painful due to skin inflammation. Also, if the condition is not properly treated, it may leave permanent scars on your skin. Scarring can occur both when too much or too less collagen is released by your body during the healing process of the wound. Another negative impact of acne on teens is the fact that it may affect their self-esteem. Researchers have suggested that adolescents who have acne tend to feel sad, anxious, shy and lonely. Unfortunately, teens tend to be mean to each other and bully their classmates with acne. Therefore, it can seriously damage their self-esteem.
How can acne be treated?
First of all, the best treatment for acne is prevention. There are a few tips that may help you control the appearance of acne. Do not over-wash your face or use harsh scrubs as it may leave your skin irritated and dry. Also, oil-free or noncomedogenic products will not clog your pores avoiding skin inflammation. Moreover, to avoid the development of scarring, resist the temptation of squeezing or picking blemishes. There are varying degrees of acne and different recommendations for acne treatment for teens. Depending on whether you are suffering from mild, moderate, or severe acne, it is important to use the right treatment that will both eliminate your acne and keep your skin healthy on every level. The treatments for acne usually contain compounds such as azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, lactic acid, salicylic acid, and various fruit acids.
In this delicate time of personal and physical development, you have to take care of your skin to avoid any permanent effects of acne.