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What Causes PID – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in Females?

The construction of the female reproductive system is quite complex, and as a result, many women may suffer from recurring diseases in this area. Some of these infections might be relatively mild and not dangerous, such as vaginal yeast infections, while others threaten the health and even the life of a female. Pelvic inflammatory disease is one of the most unpleasant diseases in the pelvic area. What causes Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), its symptoms, and possible treatment options?

What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease, often abbreviated as PID, is an infection in the female pelvic area.

Bacteria cause it, and it is usually transmitted sexually.

The bacteria then move from the vagina to other parts of the reproductive system, such as the uterus or ovaries.

PID might not give any severe symptoms for some time, so that’s why it’s essential to pay attention to even mild pains or infections of the vagina or ovaries.

If not treated, PID can lead to infertility and other disorders.

It is estimated that almost 2% of women in the US suffer or have suffered from this type of infection.

What Causes PID - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in Females

What are the symptoms of PID?

The symptoms of the pelvic inflammatory disease may include pains in the lower abdomen or pelvis, abnormal, excessive vaginal discharge or bleeding, pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse, and sometimes even fever.

The signs may also involve urinating difficulties or pain and general tiredness.

Some symptoms, including back pains, vomiting, and nausea, can be unusual and challenging to connect with the urinary tract.

If you suffer from one or more symptoms, visit your doctor immediately to start proper treatment, even if they’re not severe.

inflammed pelvis concept

Treatment methods

The pelvic inflammatory disease may require medical or even surgical treatment.

The medications typically involve antibiotics or antibacterial substances.

This is an antibacterial medication that can soothe the symptoms before the doctor’s consultation.

The partner of the infected woman also should consult the doctor to get appropriate medication.

Both partners should refrain from sexual activity until the infection disappears.

It happens that the symptoms go away after a few days of treatment, though it’s advisable to finish it according to the doctor’s instructions.

What causes PID?

Pelvic inflammatory disease is caused by bacteria – usually gonorrhea or chlamydia.

This kind of bacteria is transmitted sexually.

Sometimes the bacteria can be transmitted through the cervix – this usually happens in the case of immunodeficiency, for example, after childbirth or during antibiotic therapy.

Rarely can the bacteria get into the pelvis also during medical procedures that involve inserting medical tools into the cervix or vagina.

Bacteria are most commonly transmitted during unprotected sexual intercourse; that’s why it’s vital to take care of one’s own and one partner’s sexual health.

inflammed pelvis

Risk factors

As in the case of any disease, certain factors increase the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease.

They include, for example, having unprotected sex (without mechanical protection, e. g. a condom), having multiple sexual partners, or having a history of pelvic diseases and intimate infections.

Douching the vagina regularly also facilitates infection because it disturbs natural bacterial flora in the vagina.

A small risk of PID has involved inserting the intrauterine device – a mechanical birth control method inserted into the uterus.

What complications can PID cause?

When it’s not treated, pelvic inflammatory disease may have numerous complications.

They include, among others, problems with getting pregnant or even infertility or chronic pelvic pain.

All these diseases need immediate medical intervention as they are life-threatening and usually involve severe pains and bleeding.

woman with pelvic pain

How to prevent pelvic inflammatory disease?

Prevention is key when it comes to reproductive organ infections.

First, try to practice safe sex only – make sure that your partner doesn’t have any sexually transmitted diseases, and if you doubt, encourage them to test for STD.

You can also test yourself regularly for this type of infection.

Avoid vaginal douching or using scented creams and washing gels, as they may increase disease risk.

Try to wear clothes made from natural materials and avoid synthetic underwear that doesn’t allow your skin to breathe.

Remember about regular doctor check-ups.

Reproductive system infections are quite a common problem among young and sexually active women.

Therefore, it’s vital to keep track of regular doctor check-ups and pay attention to every abnormal symptom that appears during or after intercourse or urination.

It’s also advisable to take a test if you’re not sure about your sexual health.

About Julee: Julee Morrison is an experienced author with 35 years of expertise in parenting and recipes. She is the author of four cookbooks: The Instant Pot College Cookbook, The How-To Cookbook for Teens, The Complete Cookbook for Teens, and The Complete College Cookbook. Julee is passionate about baking, crystals, reading, and family. Her writing has appeared in The LA Times (Bon Jovi Obsession Goes Global), Disney's Family Fun Magazine (August 2010, July 2009, September 2008), and My Family Gave Up Television (page 92, Disney Family Fun August 2010). Her great ideas have been featured in Disney's Family Fun (Page 80, September 2008) and the Write for Charity book From the Heart (May 2010). Julee's work has also been published in Weight Watchers Magazine, All You Magazine (Jan. 2011, February 2011, June 2013), Scholastic Parent and Child Magazine (Oct. 2011), Red River Family Magazine (Jan. 2011),, and more. Notably, her article "My Toddler Stood on Elvis' Grave and Scaled Over Boulders to Get to a Dinosaur" made AP News, and "The Sly Way I Cured My Child's Lying Habit" was featured on PopSugar. When she's not writing, Julee enjoys spending time with her family and exploring new baking recipes.
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