- 1 Classification of Warehouses
- 2 According to the type of material stored
- 3 According to its function of distribution logistics
Several types of warehouses serve the economic activity of a company: a warehouse of raw materials, a warehouse of semi-finished products, a warehouse of finished products, etc.
All of them must be located according to their operating needs.
Given what has already been said, we can classify warehouses according to the degree of atmospheric protection, the type of material stored, their location (a function of distribution logistics), their equipment and handling techniques, or according to their legal regime.
Classification of Warehouses
According to the degree of atmospheric protection
As the name suggests are warehouses that have a building either brick, canvas, metal panels.
They offer complete protection to the materials stored there, and allow even the change of conditions such as temperature, humidity, etc., inside the warehouse.
Open or outdoor stores:
These are warehouses delimited by fences, markings and that do not have any physical buildings.
Here products that do not deteriorate or degrade with atmospheric effects are stored, for example, new vehicles.
In many cases in these types of storage protections are used to prevent deterioration such as plastics, shrink-wrapped, creams or protectors, anticorrosive.
According to the type of material stored
Raw material warehouses:
These types of warehouses are usually located near the production hall or the site where these materials will be used to be transformed.
Warehouses of intermediate products (Semi-elaborated):
These warehouses are generally located inside the manufacturing plant since its mission is to act as a buffer between the different stages of obtaining a product; It is assumed that these materials have minimum waiting times for their use.
Finished goods warehouses:
As the name says, they are exclusive warehouses for the finished product, and their function is the regulator.
It is the warehouse that is usually the one with the highest economic value of all existing ones in warehouses such as National Air Warehouse, for which the first objective is to keep the turnover rate as high as possible.
This warehouse is dedicated to spare parts; It is a warehouse that is aimed at storing maintenance needs.
It is dedicated to auxiliary materials used in production.
According to its function of distribution logistics
Warehouses of plant or central warehouse:
Are those warehouses that are located as close as possible to the manufacturing center, in order to reduce the costs of handling and transport, from the output of production to the point of storage.
Its main mission is to control the operation as a holder of the main stock, and thus if necessary, supply regional warehouses.
These will also act as regional in the area of influence of where they are located.
These stores should be as close as possible to the point of greatest consumption in the region or area of influence, bearing in mind that this area of influence should not be wider for the distribution of a day.
Its fundamental mission is to distribute merchandise of the wholesale or retail customers of a certain area.
These warehouses must be prepared to receive large trucks from the manufacturing plants or suppliers and likewise be prepared for distribution in smaller trucks of capillary distribution.
It will give importance in this type to the area of preparation of orders.
Similar philosophy that the regional warehouse but of smaller dimensions since it uses techniques such as cross-docking, tense flow and shock stocks decreasing the global stock.
The decision to create these stores will depend on the distribution design.
What is intended with the platforms is to minimize stocks and increase the level of customer service?
Temporary warehouses or deposit:
As the name says, are those that are intended to cover the peaks of demand that need to be served with an overstock.
Usually, they are warehouses of temporary hiring and it is necessary to have always in account that in case of having them we must think well the merchandise that we will deposit in him, taking care of that this one is of direct service to the client or the regional warehouses, and never of return to the main warehouse.