Whether you are a parent or teacher of a visually impaired child, you want to provide them with learning experiences that will excite and motivate them. Although it can be difficult for your student to adapt to a world that’s biased toward those with full sight, there are many ways you can ensure that they have the same learning opportunities as others.
Tips for Teaching Visually Impaired Students
Use Braille Cards and Books
A great way to include your student and help them learn anything from numbers to shapes is braille cards. Through tactile sensation, students can get to know objects of all kinds by tracing raised outlines on flashcards. There are also braille books that depict popular stories with raised illustrations, while others use outlines to teach problem solving or fine motor skills.
Verbally Explain Visuals and Instructions
Rather than relying mostly on visuals or written instructions, try to verbally explain your lessons from start to finish. This will make it much less stressful for your student to understand and will encourage them to participate and do their best. When it comes to pictures or illustrations, provide a vivid verbal description and explain how it relates to the lesson.
Incorporate Sensory Activities
However, simply explaining all your lessons could get boring for your visually impaired student. Supplementing them with activities that center around touch, taste, smell, and sound (other than talking) is a fun way to keep your student engaged and involved. Bring in various physical objects that are relevant to your lesson and let your students explore them on their own.
Teaching blind or visually impaired students doesn’t have to feel intimidating. They want to learn about the world just as much as any other student, and they deserve to do so in an inclusive environment. If you provide them with learning experiences that involve the senses other than sight, they will feel valued and excited to learn.