Installing a driveway in any material adds value, and increases the ease of use, of your home. If you are looking for a guide on how to pave a driveway with Asphalt, then look no further. Our guide to paving a driveway with Asphalt covers the process whether you are resurfacing or starting from scratch.
01. Define your area
Clearly when you decided on an Asphalt surface that is because you have worked through the checklist and decided that it is the most suitable – and cost-effective – solution for your driveway needs.
As part of this process you will have worked out exactly how big your driveway is going to be, the structural parameters, and the turning area off-road.
You will want to think about how your driveway will interface with any other hard-landscaping, perhaps the steps to the house or the footway outside, and make sure that you are clear about where the drive is going to extend to.
02.Clearing the site
The first task is to clear the site. If you have an existing material there – asphalt, pavers, concrete – and then they will need removing and taking away. Often the materials removed can be recycled, make sure that you use a licensed waste carrier, and that the debris is dealt with responsibly.
If you have an untouched grass site, then the surface layers will need stripping back and the soil underneath exposing.
Whichever you have started out with the design and shape of your driveway should now be coming into focus – this is the time to take a really good look at it and make sure that you don’t want to make changes.
03. Grading the base layer
The bare site that remains needs to be graded out, and the drainage slope put into place. The majority of damage to Asphalt comes from water, either pooling or not draining correctly. The fall on the driveway introduced at this stage is vital to save later damage and ensure that the runoff ends up where you plan, not through your front door!
04. Preparing the sub-base.
This is where all of the hard work begins, and time spent on this is vital to the longevity of your driveway because it is what creates the stability, the better the sub-base the less chance of cracking.
Not only does the sub-base provide the stability, but it also cushions the Asphalt against frost, providing a stabilising barrier against temperature extremes.
The sub-base must be compacted. Loose sub-base will have movement, and movement is the absolute enemy with Asphalt driveways. Ensure that at this stage the sub-base is compacted or rolled all over, and that you have a tight surface with no potential movement anywhere.
07. Binder Course
The next course to be added is the binder course. This course is the strength in the pavement and is usually made from a large aggregate mixed with oil. It should be evenly distributed, and of a good thickness. It is the bulking of the driveway, and your asphalt finish will be applied on top of this – so it needs to be smooth, and reflect the grading you started with so that water run-off is exactly how you wanted.
08. Install the Asphalt Surface.
With all of the supporting layers underneath, the right gradients, and a smooth surface ready it is time to apply the top coating of the Asphalt itself. This surface coating comprises sand, oil and small aggregate, and usually gives a black or very dark grey, smooth top coating.
09. Roll the surface.
The Asphalt should be rolled to smooth and compact the surface and give you your final finish.
How to Pave a Driveway with Asphalt?
This is definitely going to be one of those projects where you will need a contractor for at least part of the job – and most for all of the work. With this guide though you know how to pave a driveway with asphalt and so can ensure that the work is done to a good standard and that you will get years of use from a stable and long-lasting surface.