As a citizen of the United States, the constitution grants you rights. You have the freedom to worship who you want, love who you want, and live the way you want. Even when accused of a crime, you have the right to legal representation and a fair trial. Many situations require you to know more about the law to protect yourself and practice your rights. Here are some of the situations where you need to know your legal rights.
When You’re Adopting a Child
Adopting a child is a long, complicated process, which is why you should hire a family lawyer to help you with the steps.
There are many different types of adoption like fostering, foster-adopting, adopting, and independent adopting.
You have to be sure the court has ruled TPR or termination of parental rights of the child you’re adopting, or else there might be a legal battle later on.
TPR means that the child is legally eligible and available to be adopted.
If You Need Family or Medical Leave
There are cases where you can file for unpaid leave, like after the birth of your child, when adopting or fostering a child, if a close family member is having a serious medical emergency, or if you suffer a health condition that prevents you from working.
It’s called an FMLA or Family or Medical Leave Act.
According to the Tennessee-based lawyers at https://eclaw.com/, it’s illegal for your employer to deny you FMLA or punish you for taking it.
If this happens to you, look for an employment lawyer who can help you file a case and claim your rights.
If You Need Protection Against Domestic Violence
If you’re a victim of domestic violence, the law is on your side.
Domestic violence is considered a misdemeanor crime or, in some cases, a felony.
It’s considered a case of domestic violence if the victim is a former or current spouse, intimate partner, child, or cohabitant.
Domestic violence includes physical, emotional, sexual, financial, and psychological abuse, in addition to stalking, cyberstalking, and verbal threats.
Needless to say, you should immediately call the local authorities if you’re subjected to domestic violence.
In Case of Divorce and Child Custody
It’s well-known how common divorce is these days.
In the case of divorce, there will be disputes over ownership of properties, spousal support, and child custody.
Usually, the two parties will hire divorce attorneys to settle things down without having to go to trial.
However, if divorce and child custody aren’t resolved in settlements, the case might go to trial.
The court will decide where the child lives based on their wishes, the parents’ wishes, and other factors, like their school and community.
If it’s in the best interest of the child and if the parents can exercise joint responsibility, the court can rule joint custody.
As for guardianship, usually, it’s divided equally between the parents.
There are two cases where there’s a need to establish paternity.
The first is when the mother wants the father to pay child support, and the other is when the father wants to prove he’s the biological father to have a relationship with his child.
In both cases, paternity cases are settled by a DNA test.
In Case Of Discrimination
Discrimination can happen to you based on race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, marital status, political affiliation, or gender identity.
The law prohibits any kind of discrimination in a place of work that has at least 15 employees.
There are different acts to protect you against discrimination like Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Equal Pay Act of 1963, Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and The Civil Rights Act of 1991.
If you’ve faced discrimination in the workplace for any of these reasons, you should find an EEO (Equal Employment Opportunity) counselor and file a complaint.
The complaint must be filed at a maximum of 45 days after the discriminatory incident or else, it may be rejected.
Throughout your lifetime, you will come across situations where you need the help of law.
You should be aware of when you need a lawyer, how to demand your rights, and what you should do in such situations.
If you’re going through a divorce, a divorce lawyer will help you and your partner sort out your disputes without having to go to trial.
If you’re adopting, you need to be sure that the child is legally eligible to be adopted.
If you’re a victim of domestic violence or discrimination, you need to use the law to help you.
In any case, you should have basic knowledge of the local laws and know how to defend your rights.