Performance-enhancing substances such as anabolic steroids and growth hormones in weight training as well as high-dose pain relievers before a marathon are common today in the popular sport.
An anabolic steroid is usually an artificially produced derivative of the hormone testosterone.
Anabolic steroids are used in sports to improve performance and, thus, for illegal doping.
In medicine, anabolic steroids are used for testicular insufficiency (lack of testosterone formation in the body), for growth disorders or physical weakness (in older people).
In sport, athletes and bodybuilders buy steroids as a doping agent to accelerate muscle building and gain enormous increased strength.
The best known anabolic steroid is Clenbuterol. Although anabolic steroids are legally used for medical purposes; its extensive use in doping has made it illegal for various sporting activities.
Side effects from anabolic steroids are increasingly being reported in medical journals.
Numerous deaths from heart attacks following the use of anabolic steroids were also reported.
As a rule, this affects athletes who practice bodybuilding and have administered high doses of various anabolic steroids for long periods.
General side effects
The temptation of improving and accelerating the body’s size and shape into something excellent along with other immediate gains of improved performance causes many people to buy steroids without thinking or minding its short and long-term effects on the body’s physiology.
This abuse becomes more evident in the increasing use of steroids by trainers, sports athletes, and bodybuilders.
This indicates that people are only interested in their performance and appearance and not too much on their lifestyle and health.
The steroid works in a couple of different mechanisms.
Steroids cause the body to release a great deal of testosterone, which affects the ability to grow muscle.
At an elevated rate, testosterone grows muscle tissues at a faster rate by increasing the rate at which the body synthesizes protein.
Androgens and anabolic steroids act on the sebaceous glands of the skin, influencing their development and activity.
They also promote acne training. Reduced sodium excretion causes increased water retention in the tissue and thus leads to an increase in body weight
If anabolic steroids are used for a long time, irreversible liver damage can be triggered.
17-methylated steroids such as methyltestosterone or stanozolol are said to have a more toxic effect on the liver cells than non-methylated steroids such as testosterone.
Consequently, testosterone compounds are preferably used for therapeutic purposes instead of 17-methylated steroids.
Male sex hormones such as testosterone are said to promote the occurrence of liver cell carcinoma.
In particular, the risk of uncontrolled intake of male sex hormones to build muscle (anabolic steroids) appears to increase significantly.
The sex hormones estrogen and testosterone can promote prostate and breast cancer growth if their tissues contain hormone receptors.
Anabolic steroids cause the heart muscle cell enlargement without an improved capillary network for the necessary O2 supply.
At the top athletic performance, an undersupply of the heart muscle could occur and lead to damage and failure.
Gynecomastia and breast enlargement
Anabolic steroids can metabolize estrogen.
The body then converts the excess testosterone from the outside into the female sex hormone estrogen.
These female hormones can cause a painful enlargement of the mammary glands in men and, ultimately, a breast that appears to be female.
Costs of Clomid gynecomastia treatment are high but effective.
Clomiphene stimulates the pituitary glands to secrete male androgens and decrease persistent pubertal gynecomastia.
Also, the surgical removal of excess glandular and fatty tissues is done.
Apart from gynecomastia, the female hormones in the man’s body also lead to a loss of erectile dysfunction and libido.
Also, a testicular shrinkage process occurs due to the stoppage of spermatogenesis in the testes.
With anabolic steroids, there is only one rule: don’t touch them.
The side effects of the artificially produced testosterone variants and other substances such as adrenaline replicas far outstrip all muscle gains.
In addition to infertility, acne, and hair loss, there is enormous liver damage and severe heart problems that can lead to death.